But, based on other dating methods, such as rock strata and the existence of Dalton-type spear points, the site has been dated to approximately 8000 B. During this time, settlement was scattered and likely existed solely on the hunter-gatherer level. Permanent villages, based on settled agriculture, were developed throughout the present-day state. E., towns were fortified throughout the Piedmont region, suggesting the existence of organized tribal warfare.
Toward the end of this period, there is evidence of settled agriculture, such as plant domestication and the development of pottery. An important site of this late-Woodland period is the Town Creek Indian Mound, an archaeologically rich site occupied from about 1100 to 1450 C. by the Pee Dee culture of the Mississippian tradition. North Carolina were home to several distinct culture groups.
In the 18th century, the Croatan & several local Siouan groups would merge to form the Lumbee, who still exist in the state to this day.
Inland of them were three Siouan speaking tribes associated with a culture group called the Hokan Sioux, or Ancestral Sioux.
Some mystery remains as to what happened to the "Lost Colony" of Roanoke Island, but most historians think a resupply ship was delayed.
Along the east coast were the Chowanoke, or Roanoke, & Croatan nations, Algonquian speaking people.
The Chowanoke lived north of the Neuse River & the Croatan south or it.
During the early years of Reconstruction, strides were made at integrating the newly freed slaves into society.
Whites regained political power by violence and in 1899, disfranchised blacks through a new constitution, imposing Jim Crow and white supremacy. Woolworth's store in Greensboro would become a touchstone for the movement.